Microsoft IIS 10.0 – Understanding IIS 10.0 virtual directories

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In this recipe, we are going to understand virtual directories. A virtual directory is an alias of a physical directory; we will get an overview of virtual directories in this recipe.

Getting ready

To step through this recipe, you will need a running IIS 10.0 instance. You should also have administrative privileges.

How to do it…

  1. Open Server Manager on Windows Server 2016. Click on the Tools menu and open IIS Manager.
  2. Expand the IIS server ( WIN2016IIS). We get the listed Application Pools and Sites. You will get three listed websites–,, and–which we’ve already created. Here, we will use only one.
  3. Expand under the left-hand side Sites panel:
  1. We are going to review the virtual directory now. We’ve already created a virtual directory named virtualdirectory inside the website



  1. Once we select the virtualdirectory, we get the properties of virtualdirectory Edit Permissions…, Basic Settings…, and Advanced Settings…–in the right-hand panel under Actions. We can also browse the virtual directory.
  2. The virtualdirectory feature helps us view all the options available in
  3. In the current example, you can see the sub-website’s virtualdirectory entry, which is under

How it works…

In this recipe, we opened Server Manager and IIS Manager. Inside the Connections pane, we selected the Sites folder. We expanded S ites. We’d already created a virtual directory and named it virualdirectoy. Next, we checked the virtual directory and performed a property overview of virtualdirectory, where we can managed permissions and basic and advanced settings.

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